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Monitoring and Reporting

EPA boat 'Diomedea', named after the wandering albatross.
EPA boat 'Diomedea', named after the Wandering Albatross.

We monitor the health of our coastal environment to understand what impacts we may be having on the condition of our waters and how we can best respond to address these impacts. Better integration of Aboriginal knowledge into these processes would help with understanding and protecting the health of Sea Country.

Monitoring and reporting in South Australia is undertaken by a number of government agencies including, but not limited to the following.


  • The EPA monitors South Australia’s nearshore environment to assess its environmental condition, based on a descriptive model for interpreting change in ecological condition in relation to levels of human disturbance. The Aquatic Ecosystem Condition Reports are used to produce aquatic ecosystem condition reports that describe the condition of our coastal waters and identify pressures and management responses. The reports rate aquatic ecosystems on a six-point scale, ranging from ‘very poor’ to ‘excellent’.
  • Data collected from this monitoring also helps inform coastal developments including aquaculture, dredging and desalination plants. Results can also trigger additional investigations. This has been initiated for Coffin Bay after monitoring found a decline in condition over three monitoring periods to 2019.


  • The departmant undertakes research and monitoring in marine ecosystems, aquaculture and fisheries to help support sustainable use and development of coastal and marine resources.
  • It leads fish kill investigations in South Australia that may be caused by:
    • environmental factors (for example, salinity, temperature, acidity levels and dissolved oxygen levels)
    • toxicants or pollutants
    • a notifiable or infectious disease
    • environmental issues.
  • In instances where the investigation suggests the likely cause to be factors such as environmental contaminants or oil spills, or may have human health impacts, the incident controller will provide this information to the relevant state government agency (for example, the EPA or SA Health).

Integrated Marine Observing System

National Parks and Wildlife Service

Landscape Boards


Citizen Science




Enviro Data SA

  • This database provides data and information on various aspects of our marine and coastal systems from various government agencies.

CSIRO Ocean and Coastal Research

  • CSIRO supports and undertakes monitoring and research at a national level. For example, Aquawatch is being developed by the CSIRO to provide a ‘weather service' for water quality by using data from water sensors and satellites with computer models and artificial intelligence, to provide real-time water quality forecasts. This system was recently trialed in Spencer Gulf.